Skip to main content
where academic investigation +
christian faith +
service to others unite


  • Ph.D., New Testament studies, phenomenology of religion, Vanderbilt University, 1982
  • M.A., New Testament studies, henomenology of religion, Vanderbilt University, 1974
  • M.Div., Andrews University, 1965
  • M.A., systematic theology, Andrews University, 1964
  • B.A., Theology, Walla Walla College, 1962

Principal Research Interests

In New Testament studies, my focus has been on the canonical and extra-canonical gospels, with emphases in interpretation of the texts and on the religious and sociological contexts of the early Christian movement.  I seek to avail of traditional and contemporary literary approaches to interpreting the early Christian writings.

In phenomenology of religion, my focus has been on the religious/philosophical traditions of Asia, with emphasis on Theravada and Chinese schools of Buddhism.

Research AREA Highlights: 

  • Developing electronic courseware for online delivery. 
  • Ritual studies in world religions and New Testament texts.
  • Historical Jesus studies.
  • Literary analysis and interpretation of sacred texts.

Phone: (951) 785-2043


  • Recipient of a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, as a participant in an international study group on the application of structuralist hermeneutics to the interpretation of scripture: Annecy, France, 1974.
  • Recipient of the "Luke-Acts award" for redaction analyses in the Gospel of Luke, Vanderbilt University, 1974. 

Representative Publications

  1. "Response to Crossan" in D. Patte, ed.: Semiology and Parables (Pickwick Press, 1975), pp. 291-205.
  2. "Humanistic Values in the Lotus Sutra," Journal of Humanistic Buddhism vol. 2, 2001.
  3. "Flaming Fountain, Burning House: Upaya in the Lotus Sutra," Journal of Humanistic Buddhism, vol. 3, 2002.
  4. "In Christ there is Neither: Toward the Unity of the Body of Christ" in Ferguson, Guy and Larson, eds.: Christianity and Homosexuality: Some SDA Perspectives (Roseville: Adventist Forum, 2008)
  5. "Four Spiritual Pathways," Spectrum 40/2 (Spring, 2012)
  6. "Review of Elaine Pagels' Revelations," Spectrum 40/4 (Autumn, 2012)