Title IX Information
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subject to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance - Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
Title IX prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in education programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance. La Sierra University is committed to providing an environment free from discrimination on the basis of sex. The University provides many resources to students, faculty, staff, and members of the La Sierra community to address concerns relating to discrimination on the basis of sex and sexual harassment, including acts of sexual violence, all of which are forms of sex discrimination prohibited by Title IX
Frequently asked questions on title ix
What is Title IX?
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 was the first comprehensive federal law to prohibit sex discrimination against students and employees of educational institutions. It is one of several federal and state anti-discrimination laws that define and ensure equality in education. The regulations implementing Title IX, published in 1975, prohibit discrimination, exclusion, denial, limitation, or separation based on gender.
Who is protected under Title IX?
Title IX covers men and women, boys and girls, staff and students in any education institution receiving federal funding.
does title IX mostly apply to athletics?
Although it is the application of Title IX to athletics that has gained the greatest public visibility, the law applies to every aspect of education, including admissions and recruitment, comparable facilities, access to course offerings, access to schools of vocational education, counseling and counseling materials, financial assistance, student health and insurance benefits and/or services, housing, marital and parental status of students, physical education and athletics, education programs and activities, and employment.
what does title ix cover?
Title IX covers sexual violence. Sexual violence means physical sexual acts perpetrated against a person's will or where a person is incapable of giving consent. A number of acts fall into the category of sexual violence, including rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, and sexual coercion. Title IX also covers sexual harassment.
Does Title IX cover sexual harassment?
Title IX regulations explicitly prohibit sex discrimination which includes harassment, and a number of recent U.S. Supreme Court decisions have clarified how the law should be applied in this area. IN particular, the unanimous Franklin v. Gwinnett decision (1992) held that Title IX prohibits sexual harassment and allows victims to recover damages from institutions that violate the statute. Gebser v. Lago Vista (1997) limited the availability of money damages by requiring plaintiffs to prove "deliberate indifference" and prior knowledge by the school administration in cases where teachers or other education staff sexually harassed students. In the most recent decision, Davis v. Monroe (1999), the Court held that schools may be liable for peer (student-to-student) sexual harassment.
do the harassing student and victim have to be of the opposite sex?
No. As long as the harassment is on the basis of sex, it does not need to come from a student of the opposite sex to be prohibited by Title IX.
does title Ix benefit only girls and women?
Title IX benefits everyone-women and men. The law requires education institutions to maintain policies, practices, and programs that do not discriminate against anyone on the basis of gender. Elimination of discrimination against women has received more attention because females have historically faced greater gender restrictions and barriers in education. However, Title IX has also benefited men and boys. Continued efforts to achieve educational equity have benefited all students by moving toward the creation of school environments where all students can learn and achieve the highest standards.
does title ix require women and men to be give the same resources?
Title IX requires equal educational opportunities to participate in the full range of extracurricular activities, equal opportunity to access all courses and programs, and equal opportunity to participate in athletics.